The ECE engineering dept. has several laboratories, which offer hands-on experience to students.
Microwave and Fiber Optics Lab (109)
a) Microwave Lab
Microwaves are electromagnetic waves with wavelengths approximately in the range of 30 cm (frequency = 1 GHz) to 1 mm (300 GHz), but relatively short for radio waves. However, the boundaries between infrared light, THz radiation, microwaves, and ultra-high-frequency radio waves are fairly arbitrary; and are used variously between different fields of study. The term microwave generally refers to "alternating current signals with frequencies between 300 MHz (3x108 Hz) and 300 GHz.
Microwaves are used in broadcasting transmissions because microwaves pass easily through the earth's atmosphere with less interference than longer wavelengths. There is also much more bandwidth in the microwave spectrum than in the rest of the radio spectrum. Microwaves are used in television to transmit a signal from a specially equipped van in a remote location to a television station. Radar also uses microwave radiation to detect the range, speed, and so on. Wireless LAN protocols, such as Bluetooth, also use 2.4 GHz microwaves.
Wireless Internet Access services can be found in many countries in the 3.5–4.0 GHz range.
The lab includes a microwave kit that measures microwave signal characteristics such as voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR), return loss, operating frequency, operating wavelength, and the reflection coefficient of any microwave signal. The output frequency of the kit is 10.425 GHz
b) Optics Lab:
The various experiments included in this lab are designed to enrich students’ experience in the field of fiber optics communication, and to improve understanding of the concepts taught in lectures. The experiments range from introductory ones in which students learn basic concepts such as reflective index measurement to more advanced experiments.
A lot of effort has been made to simplify and clarify the experimental procedure to insure smooth conduct of experimental measurements. Students are strongly encouraged to read the introductory part of each experiment ahead of time, before attending in the laboratory. Each experiment contains examples and a clear introduction to the experiment, which should facilitate understanding, conducting and interpretation of the experimental work
Telecommunication has become more and more important in the global world. The telecommunications laboratory offers analog and digital communications techniques such as modulation and demodulations, sampling, quantization and coding for any analog signal. Facilities with high technological equipment are included in this lab in order to teach our students today's information technology. Workstations are suitable for use with training kits. High-end equipment nable also more advanced customized exercises.
Compatible teaching topics such as mobile phone, radio, TV, computer communication, modulations, and wireless communication are covered in this lab
In the electronics lab, there are facilities that support introductory courses in analog and digital circuits and electronics – by utilizing modern industry-standard equipment and software. The lab also supports more advanced experiments in signals and systems, communications, and photonics.
Software used in instruction includes PSpice, MATLAB, and LabVIEW software. Oscilloscopes and spectrum analyzers are used to analyze the output signals. All devices in each station are connected to a computer.
Digital Design Lab
The digital design lab is an educational facility of the electrical engineering department at UBT. It supports many courses offered during each semester. Common to all coursework associated with the digital design lab is an emphasis on hardware design aspects. The DDL prepares students for building a variety of digital devices, including processors. We seek to support students who later become computer architects or chip designers, but more broadly our mission is to make engineers and computer scientists comfortable with both interfacing in the digital realm and creating special-purpose digital devices of their own.
Also, we are a close collaborator with the undergraduate professional communication program, because good design done in isolation will only remain in isolation. Students get the opportunity to hone their writing and presentation skills, as well as participate in collaborative social networks
Basic Elect-rical Lab
The basic electrical lab is designed to meet the electrical training needs of junior students. The lab can be used to provide the basic knowledge and skills needed in further electrical, electronic or automation engineering studies. In addition, other study options such as automotive or mechanical engineering can use the lab for basic studies.
Compatible teaching topics include DC circuits, AC circuits, Current, voltage, power, resistance measurements, capacitance and inductance, Transformers, and Multipurpose laboratory concepts